What Are the Basics of Scoliosis?

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty.

  • Kyphosis is a curve in the spine seen from the side in which the spine is bent forward. A normal kyphosis lies in the middle (thoracic) spine.
  • Lordosis is a curve seen from the side in which the spine is bent backward. A normal lordosis lies in the upper (cervical) spine and the lower (lumbar) spine.

There are different types of scoliosis described based on the age when scoliosis develops:

  • Infantile idiopathic scoliosis: develops less than 3 years old
  • Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis: develops between 3-10 years of ag
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: develops over 10 years old (10-18 years old)

In medical literature, there are more specific names or terms for scoliosis:

  • Kyphoscoliosis: a combination of outward and lateral spine curvature
  • Dextroscoliosis: curvature of the spine to the right
  • Rotoscoliosis (rotatory): curvature of the vertebral column turned on its axis
  • Levoconvex: curvature of the spine to the left
  • Thoracolumbar: curvature related to both the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine

What are the signs and symptoms of scoliosis?

According to Wikipedia, symptoms associated with scoliosis can include:

  • Pain in the back, shoulders, and neck and buttock pain nearest the bottom of the back
  • Respiratory and/or cardiac problems in severe cases
  • Constipation due to curvature causing “tightening” of stomach, intestines, etc.
  • Limited mobility secondary to pain or functional limitation in adults
  • Painful menstruation

The signs of scoliosis can include:

  • Uneven musculature on one side of the spine
  • Rib prominence or a prominent shoulder blade, caused by rotation of the rib cage in thoracic scoliosis
  • Uneven hips, arms, or leg lengths
  • Slow nerve action
  • Heart and lung problems in severe cases
  • Calcium deposits in the cartilage endplate and sometimes in the disc itself

What are the causes of scoliosis?

Causes of scoliosis may include:

  • Spinal deformities
  • Neuromuscular problems, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
  • Inherited disease
  • Environmental conditions

Risk factors for developing the most common type of scoliosis include:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Family history

What are the treatment options for scoliosis?

The conventional options for children and adolescents are:

  • Observation
  • Bracing
  • Surgery

For adults, treatment usually focuses on relieving any pain:

  • Painkilling medication
  • Bracing
  • Surgery

Keywords: cause scoliosis; causes scoliosis; scoliosis caused; scoliosis causes; scoliosis causes it; causes treatment scoliosis; define scoliosis; definition scoliosis; que es escoliosis; scoliose; scoliosis; scoliosis defined; scoliosis definition; scoliosis mean; scoliosis+; scoliosis causes symptoms; scoliosis facts; are symptoms scoliosis; scoliosis symptoms; scoliosis symptoms signs; symptoms scoliosis; scoliosis treatment; scoliosis treatments; treat scoliosis; treatment scoliosis; treatments scoliosis; different types scoliosis; scoliosis types; types scoliosis

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.