What Are the Basics of Septicemia?

What is septicemia?

Septicemia is a kind of serious bloodstream infection. It is also called bacteremia, or blood poisoning. It often occurs when the bacterial infection in body develops into the bloodstream. Septicemia is a serious situation because the bacteria and their toxins can spread to the entire body through bloodstream.

It should be noticed that septicemia can quickly become life-threatening, it should be treated immediately.

What are the possible symptoms or signs of septicemia?

The symptoms or signs of septicemia include:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Shock
  • Confusion
  • Red dots on skin
  • Reduced urine volume

What are the causes of septicemia?

The possible causes of septicemia include:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Kidney infections
  • Lung infections
  • Severe wounds or burns
  • Immune system problems
  • Chemotherapy
  • HIV
  • Leukemia

How to diagnose septicemia?

Septicemia can be diagnosed by its possible symptoms (described above). Besides, some medical tests can help to diagnose it.

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Respiratory secretions check
  • Wound secretions check
  • CT scan
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound

What are the complications of septicemia?

Septicemia can lead to some serious complications. These complications may be fatal if not treated immediately.

  • Sepsis
  • Septic shock
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Keywords: septicemia; symptoms and signs of septicemia; diagnosis of septicemia; complications of septicemia

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.