What Are the Basics of the Heart Rate?

What is a normal heart rate?

Your heart rate can also be called your pulse, and it indicates how many times your heart beats in one minute.

Heart rates vary from individual to individual. The normal range of the resting heart rate is 60-100 beats in one minute.

Besides, hearts of children tend to beat faster than hearts of adults.


What does a resting heart rate mean?

When you are awake and calm, and the environment is moderate and neutral, your heart rate is a resting heart rate.

Normally, it ranges from 60-100 beats in a minute. Athletes tend to have lower resting heart rates, because the heart muscle conditions of active people are better.

However, for a less active person, his heart muscle needs to work harder to pump the blood his body needs. Therefore, his pulse can be higher.


What are the causes of rapid heart rates?

Many factors can affect your heart rate:

  • Emotions
    If you feel anxious, excited, sad or stressed, your heart can beat faster.
  • Obesity
    If you are obese, your heart rates can be higher.

  • Medications
    Some drugs such as thyroid medications can trigger a rapid heart rate. You should talk to your doctor when this occurs.
  • Temperature
    When the temperature is high, you may also have a higher heart rate.

Besides, when you stand up, your heart may beat a little bit faster for several seconds.


How to make my heart rate slower?

Here are some tips for you if you want to have a lower heart rate:

  • Get regular exercise
    Regular aerobic exercise is good for your heart because it can strengthen your heart muscle.
  • Have a healthy diet
    If you are obese, your heart will beat faster. A healthy diet can help you lose weight. As a result, your heart rate can slow down.
  • Quit smoking
    Smokers tend to have higher heart rates than non-smokers, because nicotine in tobacco can do harm to your heart muscle and blood vessels.
  • Limit intake of caffeine and alcohol
    Caffeine can make your heart beat faster, so you should drink less coffee or choose decaf beverages. By the same token, alcohol can also increase your heart rate.

  • Learn to reduce stress
    Stress can contribute to rapid heart rates. You can listen to soft music, practice meditation or take a deep breath when you are very stressed.


Can my age affect my heart rate?

Your maximum heart rate is relative to your age. When doing exercise, you may experience the increase of your heart rate. If your pulse exceeds your maximum heart rate, it may trigger problems.

Generally speaking, your maximum heart rate decreases as you grow older. Here is an equation that can help you calculate your maximum heart rate:

  • Your maximum heart rate=220-your age

This equation is only for reference.


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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.