What Are the Causes and Symptoms of Meningitis?

Q:
What are the causes and symptoms of meningitis?

A:
There are various causes and symptoms of meningitis. After reading this short article, you will have a better understanding of the disease.

Causes:
The disease can be caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infections.

  • Viral meningitis. This is the most common form of meningitis. Viruses such as enteroviruses, HIV, mumps, herpes simplex virus and West Nile virus can cause the disease.
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacteria that can lead to the disease include meningococcus, pneumococcus, listeria and haemophilus. You may get infected after you have a skull fracture, a sinus or ear infection. You may also have the disease after bacteria get into the blood and reach the spinal cord and brain.
  • Fungal meningitis. This form of meningitis is not contagious among humans. People with a weak immune system are likely to catch it. It’s uncommon but fatal if not handled properly.

Symptoms in people above 2:

  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • A stiff neck
  • High fever
  • Difficulty waking
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rash
  • Seizures

Symptoms in infants and newborns:

  • Non-stop crying
  • Sleepiness
  • Fever
  • Stiff body
  • Irritability

 

Keywords: meningitis cause & symptom; symptoms meningitis causes

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.