What Are the Causes for Hypertension?

Q:
What are the causes for hypertension?

A:
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP) or arterial hypertension, is a kind of long-term medical condition in which blood pressure in the arteries is continuously elevated. Hypertension is classified into two categories: primary (essential)hypertension and secondary hypertension. The causes of the two categories are different.

There are no identifiable causes for primary (essential) hypertension, it develops gradually over several years and no obvious symptoms.

The causes of secondary hypertension include:

  • Some medications, such as decongestants, birth control pills, cold remedies, over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Some illegal drugs, such as amphetamines and cocaine
  • Your kidney or thyroid problems.
  • Congenital hypertension.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea.

Besides, aging, obesity, alcohol abuse, lack of exercise, too much stress and eating too much salt may also cause hypertension.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.