What Are the Causes of a Sore Throat?

Q:
What are the causes of a sore throat?

A:
A sore throat is an inflammation of the throat. You may feel pain or scratchy sensation in your throat, especially when you swallow. You may also have symptoms like swollen and red tonsils, hoarse voice, a fever, a cough, headache or a runny nose.

A sore throat is usually caused by viral or bacterial infections, to be more specific, including:

Viral infections

  • A cold.
  • Flu.
  • Measles.
  • Chickenpox.

Bacterial infections ( strep throat)

  • Streptococcus pyogenes.
  • Group A streptococcus.

Other risk factors

  • Dry indoor air.
  • Allergies.
  • Muscle strain in the throat.
  • Outdoor and indoor air pollution.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
  • HIV infection.
  • Tumors.

Keywords: causes sore throat; sore throat causes

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.