What Are the Characteristics of Infective Endocarditis in Children?

Q:
What are the characteristics of infective endocarditis in children?

A:
Structural heart disease, intravascular catheters, and invasive procedures are predisposing factors for infective endocarditis (IE).
Data on IE in children with structurally normal hearts and no predisposing factors are limited.

According to a study on Springer Science + Business Media, it shows that IE in children with no known predisposing factors is a community-acquired left-sided infection caused by traditional “community” pathogens, including species like:

  • S. aureus,
  • S. pneumonia,
  • K. Kingae
  • Haemophilus

Despite rapid eradication of the pathogen from the blood, the infection in these children follows an acute and fulminant course with a 100% severe complication rate and very high need for acute surgical intervention. The risk for a second surgery ≥10 years after infection may possibly be high as well.

Given its acute and complicated course, high awareness of pediatricians of IE in children with no predisposing factors as well as prompt diagnosis are crucial.

 

Keyword: endocarditis children.

 

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.