What Are the Facts about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Q:

What are the facts about hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

A:

  1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a dominantly inherited heart disease.
  2. In the general population, HCM affects 1 out of 500 individuals.
  3. HCM is caused by mutation in any one of 12 genes and appears in 50% of individuals in each generation.
  4. HCM is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in people younger than 30 years old.
  5. Children who are at the risk of HCM due to genetic factors are advised not to do intense exercise or participate in competitive activities.
  6. About 500,000 people have HCM in the US.
  7. HCM with severe complications can cause 1 death out of every 10 patients.
  8. Both men and women at any age can have HCM.
  9. The mortality rate for HCM in adults is about 1%.
  10. The mortality rate for HCM in children is about 6%

 

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