What Are the Risk Factors for Goiters?


What factors may increase the risk of a goiter?


Goiters can affect anyone, men and women at any age. There are various risk factors for goiters.

Shortage of iodine

People who don’t take enough foods that contain iodine have a greater chance of developing goiters. It often occurs in people living in remote mountainous areas where iodine is in short supply.

Being female

As women are more likely to have thyroid disorders, they are at greater risk of goiters.

Pregnancy and menopause

Women are more likely to develop thyroid problems during their pregnancy and menopause.


As people grow older, the risk of goiters becomes higher. The disease is more common among people after age 40.

Certain medications

People with some medical treatments are more prone to have goiters due to the drugs they take, such as the heart drug amiodarone and the psychiatric drug lithium.

Medical history

Autoimmune diseases, like Grave’s disease, may lead to goiters, so a personal or family history of autoimmune disease increases your risk.

Radiation exposure

Your chance of goiters increases with any forms of exposure to radiation.


Keywords: goiter thyroid



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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.