What Are the Symptoms and Treatment of High-Altitude Pulmonary?


  • Shortness of breath at rest
  • Cough
  • Weakness or decreased exercise performance
  • Chest tightness or congestion


The standard and most important treatment is to descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible, preferably by at least 1000 meters. Oxygen should also be given if possible.

Symptoms tend to quickly improve with descent, but more severe symptoms may continue for several days. The standard drug treatments are dexamethasone and nifedipine.

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as sildenafil and tadalafil are also effective but may worsen the headache of mountain sickness.

Keywords: high altitude pulmonary edema symptoms; high altitude pulmonary edema treatment.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.