What Are the Treatments and Remedies for Barrett’s Esophagus?

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Q:
What Are the Treatments and Remedies for Barrett’s Esophagus?

A:
Your doctor will take specific treatments based on your age and severity of the disease. Currently, there is no cure for Barrett’s esophagus. Thus, the treatment is aimed at preventing further damage from occurring. Treatment may include:

Medication

Your doctor may prescribe medications such as H2 receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors. They will reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach.

Dilation procedure

If the damaged lining of the esophagus becomes thick and hardened, and the esophagus is narrowing, then you need the dilation procedure. During dilation, an instrument gently stretches the strictures and expands the opening of the esophagus.

Endoscopic ablative therapies

Endoscopic ablative therapies use different techniques to destroy the dysplasia in your esophagus. After the therapies, your body should begin making normal esophageal cells. The most common procedures are the following:

  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation

Complications of photodynamic therapy may include:

  • sensitivity of your skin and eyes to light for about 6 weeks after the procedure
  • burns, swelling, pain, and scarring in nearby healthy tissue
  • coughing, trouble swallowing, stomach pain, painful breathing, and shortness of breath.

Complications of radiation ablation may include

  • chest pain
  • cuts in the lining of your esophagus
  • strictures

Surgery

Surgery to remove damaged tissue or a section of the esophagus may be necessary. However, if you have other medical problems, surgery may not be an option. Your doctor may consider the less-invasive endoscopic treatments or continued frequent surveillance instead.

 

Keywords: treatments and remedies for barrett esophagus

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