What Are the Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis?

What are the treatments for cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that causes breathing problems, lung disease, nutrition problems, and problem in digestive system.

The common symptoms of cystic fibrosis include salty skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, a frequent cough with thick mucus, poor weight gain and smelly, greasy stools etc.

There is no cure for cystic fibrosis now, but treatment can ease symptoms and reduce the risk of deterioration. The treatment should be chosen according to different healthy conditions and the severity of the disease.

Some treatment will be listed as follows:


  • Antibiotics. 
    To treat lung infections.
  • Mucus-thinning drugs.
    To thin the mucus.
  • Bronchodilators.
    To keep the airways open.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs.
    To relieve swelling in the airways.
  • Oral pancreatic enzymes.
    To help digestive tract absorb nutrients.
  • Ivacaftor (age 6 or above).
    To improve lung function and reduce the salt in sweat.
  • Orkambi (age 12 or above).
    To improve lung function and reduce the risk of exacerbations.
  • Symdeko (a new medication).
    To improve lung function and reduce the risk of exacerbations.

Chest physical therapy.

Chest physical therapy can loosen the thick mucus in the lungs, you can cough up the mucus.


  • Nasal polyp removal.
    It aims to remove the nasal polyps and help you breathe better.
  • Endoscopy and lavage.
    This surgery will use an endoscope to drain out the mucus that block airways.
  • Bowel surgery.
    Bowel surgery can remove the blockage in your bowel.
  • Lung transplant.
    If the breathing problems and lung disease are extremely severe and antibiotics can’t treat lung infections, you may need to transplant your lungs.

You need to talk to your doctor and find proper treatment.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.