What Are the Treatments for Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a kind of central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing serious situations including seizures, or even loss of awareness. Epilepsy can affect both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

The followings are different treatments for epilepsy.

Medicines for epilepsy.

According to the study, 70% of the cases can be controlled by taking medicines. But, medicines cannot cure the disease. And some patients need to continue taking medicines. Effective medicines for epilepsy include but not limited to:

  • Brivaracetam (Briviact)
  • Carbamazepine (Carbatrol or Tegretol)
  • Eslicarbazepine (Aptiom)
  • Felbamate (Felbatol)
  • Ethosuximide (Zarontin)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Oxtellar XR, Trileptal)
  • Phenobarbitol
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • Tiagabine (Gabitril)
  • Topiramate (Topamax)
  • Zonisamide (Zonegran)
  • Valproate, valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)

Epilepsy surgery

When medicines fail to effectively control the growth of epilepsy seizures, surgery to remove the area causing seizures is needed. It should be noticed that most people still need to take medicines after successful surgery.

Vagus nerve stimulation.

It can help to reduce seizures by 20 to 40 percent but may lead to some side effects such as throat pain, shortness of breath, hoarse voice, and coughing.

Besides, researchers are studying many potential new treatments for epilepsy, including responsive neurostimulation, subthreshold stimulation, external nerve stimulation device, minimally invasive surgery, stereotactic laser ablation or stereotactic radiosurgery.

Keywords: epilepsy disease treatment; epilepsy treatment; epilepsy treatment options; epilepsy treatments; symptoms treatment epilepsy; treatment epilepsy; treatment options epilepsy; treatments epilepsy; epilepsy medication; epilepsy medications; medication epilepsy medicines epilepsy; epilepsy drug; epilepsy drugs; drug treatment epilepsy; epilepsy drug treatment

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.