What Are Ulcerative Colitis Medications?

Q:
What are ulcerative colitis medications?

A:
Medications can’t cure ulcerative colitis, the reasons why we use medications or drugs for ulcerative colitis include inducing and maintaining remissions, minimizing side effects and risks of cancer and improving the quality of life.

Four major types of medications can be included in the treatments: the anti-inflammatory agents, immunomodulators, biologics, and antibiotics.

Anti-inflammatory medications:

  • Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
  • Olsalazine (Dipentum)
  • Mesalamine (Pentasa, Asacol, Lialda, Apriso Rowasa enema)
  • Prednisone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Budesonide

Immunomodulators: They are used to limit inflammation at its source in the immune system.

  • 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP)
  • Azathioprine (Imuran)
  • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
  • Cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral)

Biologics: They are also known as monoclonal antibodies or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors.

  • Remicade (infliximab)
  • Humira (adalimumab)
  • Simponi (golimumab)
  • Entyvio (vedolizumab)

Antibiotics: They often used to treat infections.

  • Metronidazole
  • Ampicillin
  • Ciprofloxacin

Other medications:

  • Tylenol (acetaminophen) as pain relievers.
  • Iron supplements for chronic intestinal bleeding.
  • Antidiarrheal medicines to control diarrhea.
  • Nicotine patches for people to relieve pain during flares.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.