What Can I Do to Prevent Bone Loss and Avoid Fractures?

You can protect your bone health condition by trying the following five aspects.

•Adjusting your current medicines. If your medicines may cause bone loss, make sure that you are taking the lowest possible dose for the shortest possible time.

•Taking osteoporosis medicines. Some medicines can prevent or treat osteoporosis. The most common type, called a bisphosphonate, is taken as a pill by mouth or as a liquid through a vein. This type of medicine keeps bones strong by helping the bones retain calcium.

•Getting enough calcium and vitamin D. Calcium and vitamin D are found in some foods. Good sources of calcium include milk, yogurt, cheese, collard greens, and foods with added calcium, such as cereal and soy drinks. Vitamin D, which helps the body absorb calcium, is made in the skin when people spend time in the sun. It’s also found in salmon, shrimp, and milk with added vitamin D. You may also need dietary supplements to get enough calcium and vitamin D.

•Exercising regularly. Two kinds of exercise help keep bones strong: weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, running, dancing, and climbing stairs; and exercise that strengthens muscles, such as lifting weights.

•Choosing a healthy lifestyle. Avoiding smoking can help keep bones strong. Smoking may lower the amount of calcium that the body can absorb. Some studies also show that drinking a lot of alcohol might weaken bones.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.