What Causes Esophageal Cancer?

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Q:
What Causes Esophageal Cancer?

A:
The causes of most esophageal cancers are still unkown. However, certain risk factors can make getting esophageal cancer more likely:

Age

The chance of getting esophageal cancer increases with age.

Gender

Men are more likely than women to get esophageal cancer.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a severe form of acid relux. It is very common, and most of the people who have it do not develop esophageal cancer. However, GERD can also cause Barrett’ s esophagus, which may leads to higher risk.

Barrett’s esophagus

Barrett esophagus is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged by stomach acid. Still, most people with Barrett’s esophagus do not get esophageal cancer. But over time, Barrett’s esophagus can result in dysplasia, a pre-cancerous condition. High-grade dysplasia has the highest risk of cancer.

Tobacco and heavy alcohol use

The use of tobacco products is a major risk factor for esophageal cancer and drinking alcohol also increases the risk.

Obesity

People who are overweight or obese have a higher possibility of getting adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

 

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