What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Women?

All women will experience pain in the lower abdomen from time to time. Most commonly this can occur due to their periods or menstruation. In many cases it is difficult to diagnose the exact cause, but noting certain features will help your doctor come to a diagnosis.The most common causes are listed in the following three types.

 

  1. Abdominal pain arising from the urinary system

Urine infections are common and present symptoms, such as burning when you pass urine and going to the toilet more often.

Infection can spread to the kidneys and can make you feel unwell with a high temperature and back pain.

If you have pain that spreads from your back down to your groin and is severe – your doctor may be more concerned that you have kidney stones. The doctor will test your urine if you have any of the above symptoms.

 

  1. Abdominal pain arising from the digestive system

Pain arising from the large intestine is a particularly common cause of lower abdominal pain in both men and women. Features suggesting your pain may be to do with the bowel are:

  • Pain associated with pooing
  • A change in bowel habit
  • Loss of blood when you poo
  • Bloating with wind
  • Both constipation and diarrhoea can give you pain.

The pain they are often associated with comes and goes in waves. Large bowel pain is characteristically relieved on opening the bowels. Potential causes of pain arising from the bowel include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which can give you alternating diarrhoea, constipation and bloating. Other conditions include diverticular disease and it’s complications which are more frequent in older patients. Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s). A rare but important diagnosis is colorectal cancer.

Bloating and swelling is also a common symptom that people report and can be due to a problem affecting the bowels.

 

     3. Abdominal pain arising from the reproductive organs

Pain can originate from your womb, or ovaries. It’s usually felt in the middle of the lower abdomen.

Pain that is felt more to the side can be more typical of a pain coming from the ovary. Pain coming from the uterus is often worse during your period and is called dysmenorrhoea.

Examples of conditions of the reproductive organs include endometriosis, fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts and problems related to the early stage of pregnancy such as a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.