What Do Esophageal Diseases Include?

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Q:
What Do Esophageal Diseases Include?

A:
Esophageal diseases can be listed as follows:

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach.

Achalasia

Achalasia is a type of esophageal motility disorder. It is the inability of the esophagus to move food into the stomach.

Esophagitis

Esophagitis is inflammation that may damage tissues of the esophagus. It can cause painful, difficult swallowing and chest pain.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a severe form of relux, which is the backward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus.

Barrett’s esophagus

Barrett esophagus is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus (food pipe) is damaged by stomach acid.

Esophageal varices

Esophageal varices are abnormal, enlarged veins in the food pipe. This condition occurs most often in people with serious liver diseases.

Esophageal spasms

Esophageal spasms are abnormal contractions of the muscles in the esophagus. There are two types of esophageal spasms:

  • Occasional contractions (diffuse esophageal spasms).
  • Painfully strong contractions (nutcracker esophagus).
Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus. It occurs when cells in the esophagus develop mutations in their DNA.

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