What Does Desquamative Gingivitis Mean?

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Q:
What does desquamative gingivitis mean?

A:
Desquamative gingivitis indicates a reddish, desquamatous (shedding) and ulcerated appearance of the gums in the oral cavity. It is a descriptive clinical term, not a diagnosis, and it can be caused by several different disorders, such as:

  • various autoimmune diseases,
  • allergies,
  • erosive lichen planus,
  • mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP),
  • pemphigus vulgaris, and
  • lupus erythematosus.

Oral lichen planus, MMP and pemphigus vulgaris account for the major causes of gingival desquamation, with the first two accounting for about 80% of cases. MMP is a rare, chronic autoimmune blistering disorder. The condition frequently involves mucous membranes, with rare skin involvement. Oral cavity is mostly affected and desquamative gingivitis is the most common manifestation.

If you still have any questions, please consult your doctor.

 

Keywords: desquamative gingivitis

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