What Is Chronic Bronchitis and COPD?

Q:
What is Chronic Bronchitis and COPD?

A:
COPD, known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is an umbrella term to describe a group of long-term diseases that make it difficult to breathe.

Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main forms of COPD, with the former being the most common.

What Is Chronic Bronchitis?
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which bring air to and from your lungs.
When the bronchial tubes are inflamed, the lining, or mucous membrane, of the airways swells and grows thicker. It also produces an excess amount of mucus. The narrowing and increased blockage of the bronchial tubes from the mucus causes airflow to decrease and a phlegmy cough to develop.
In cases of chronic bronchitis, the bronchial tubes are constantly irritated and inflamed.

For a person to be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis their mucus-filled cough must last three months of the year for two years in a row, according to the American Lung Association.

If you develop a serious medical condition, you’d better consult with your doctor.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.