What is Devic's Disease Prognosis?

Q:
What is Devic’s disease prognosis?

A:
Devic’s disease is also known as neuromyelitis optica. It is a disease that affects your eyes and spinal cord. It’s a rare disease. Only between 0.052 and 0.44 in every 100,000 people worldwide have the disease.

Usually, people with Devic’s disease are over 40.

Types

There are two types of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) based on the frequency of attacks, relapsing NMO, and monophasic NMO.

Relapsing NMO is more common while monophasic NMO is rare.

  • Relapsing NMO – There’s an inflammation in the optic nerve and spinal cord at the outset and attacks over a period of several years.
  • Monophasic NMO – In this case, patients experience the attacks over a period of days or weeks. But, it is easier for a patient to recover from this condition.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms may vary. Overall, the symptoms can be divided into two categories.

  • Symptoms with optic inflammation: sudden pain inside your eye, blurry vision or even blindness
  • Symptoms with spinal cord inflammation: pain in the arms and legs, fatigue, numbness or even paralysis, loss control of your bladder and bowel, nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, headache

Treatment

Although NMO is not curable, treatment can help to manage the symptoms and lower the frequency of relapses.

According to different situations, the doctor may prescribe steroids, Azathioprine, and carbamazepine.

Plasma exchange therapy and physical therapy may also be used for the treatment.

Complications

NMO can result in various effects, including:

  • Breathing problems
  • Depression
  • Have difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection
  • Have trouble achieving an orgasm
  • Fragile bones
  • Loss of vision
  • Paralysis

Keywords: Devic’s disease; types; treatment; symptoms; complications; Q&A

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.