What is discoid lupus?
Discoid lupus (discoid lupus erythematosus) is a common type of lupus and gets its name from the coin-shaped lesions it produces.
What are the symptoms?
When you get discoid lupus, you may find a severe rash and it tends to get worse when exposed to sunlight. The rash can appear anywhere on the body, ranging from a mild patch of pink to skin that looks red and raw. Besides, you may find the following signs.
- round lesions
- thick scales on the skin and scalp
- blistering lesions, especially around the elbows and fingertips
- thinning of the skin
- lighter or darker skin pigmentation, which can become permanent
- thickening of the scalp
- patches of hair loss, which can become permanent
- brittle or bent fingernails
- ulcers inside the lips
- permanent scarring
The following is a picture of discoid lupus rash.
What causes it?
The exact cause isn’t clear. However, since it is an autoimmune disease, it may be triggered by a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Also, it does not pass from person to person.
In fact, anyone can develop discoid lupus, though it’s rare in children. But women between the ages of 20 and 40 may have a higher risk.
When you find the early symptoms, work closely with your doctor to find effective treatments to your condition and lessen the chance of permanent scarring.
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