What is endometrial cancer? Is it uterine cancer?
Endometrial cancer is also known as womb cancer or uterine cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus, specifically in the later of cells that form the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium. Endometrial cancer can also be called cancer of the womb or cancer of the uterus. It is the result of the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The first sign is mostly vaginal bleeding not associated with a menstrual period. Commonly, it occurs after menopause.
A lot of complicated reasons should be taken into account. 40% of cases are related to obesity. Endometrial cancer is also associated with excessive estrogen exposure, high blood pressure and diabetes. In addition, endometrial cancer is related to genes inherited from the parents. Sometimes it is loosely referred to as ‘uterine cancer’, although it is distinct from other forms of uterine cancer such as cervical cancer, uterine cancer. The most frequent type of endometrial cancer is endometrioid carcinoma, which accounts for more than 80% of cases.
There is a variety of treatment options. The leading treatment option is abdominal hysterectomy, together with removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries on both sides, called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. In some more advanced cases, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also recommended.
Keywords: endometrial cancer