What Is Esophageal Dysmotility?

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Q:
What Is Esophageal Dysmotility?

A:
Esophageal dysmotility is a disorder in which the esophagus (food pipe) doesn’t work normally. This means it fails to properly deliver liquids and food from the mouth to the stomach. The causes of esophageal dysmotility may include esophageal spasms and the failure of the esophageal muscles to contract.

The types of esophageal motility disorders are:
  • swallowing disorders (dysphagia);
  • achalasia;
  • spastic esophageal motility disorders: diffuse esophageal spasm, nutcracker esophagus, and hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter;
  • inefficient esophageal motility disorder;
  • secondary esophageal motility disorders related to scleroderma, diabetes mellitus, and GERD.
The sighs and symptoms may include:
  • Anxiety
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Heartburn
  • Inability to sleep well
  • Recurrent bouts of pneumonia
  • Regurgitation
  • Sensation of food getting stuck in your chest or neck
  • Weight loss
Diagnosis

Several tests can help to diagnose and differentiate esophageal dysfunctions:

  • manometry
  • barium swallow
  • multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring
  • endoscopy
  • 24-hour pH monitoring

 

Keywords: esophageal dysmotility

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