What Is Juvenile Diabetes?

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Q:
What is juvenile diabetes?

A:
Juvenile diabetes is often known as Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes happens when your immune system destroys beta cells that make insulin. Glucose doesn’t move into your cells because insulin isn’t there to do it. Instead it builds up in your blood and your cells starve. This causes high blood sugar, which can lead to:

  • Dehydration. When there’s extra sugar in your blood, you pee more. A large amount of water goes out with that urine, causing your body to dry out.
  • Weight loss. The glucose that goes out when you pee takes calories with it.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). If your body can’t get enough glucose for fuel, it breaks down fat cells instead. This creates chemicals called ketones.
  • Damage to your body. Over time, high glucose levels in your blood can harm the nerves and small blood vessels in your eyes, kidneys, and heart.

For more info you can go to a registered dietitian.

Keyword: juvenile diabetes

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