What Is Kaposi Sarcoma and How to Treat It?

What is Kaposi sarcoma?

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a type of cancer that develops from the cells that line lymph or blood vessels.

It can form masses on the skin or in membranes of your mouth, nose, eyes and anus. It can also spread to your lungs, liver, stomach, intestines and lymph nodes. In general, it can occur singularly, in a limited area, or be widespread.

The skin lesions are usually purple in color. When the lesions are in the lungs, liver or digestive tract, KS can cause serious problems or even become life threatening.

There are four subtypes of KS defined by the different populations it develops in, but the changes within the KS cells are very similar. These four types are:

  • Epidemic (AIDS-associated) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Classic (Mediterranean) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Endemic (African) Kaposi sarcoma
  • Iatrogenic (transplant-related) Kaposi sarcoma

What are the treatment options for Kaposi sarcoma?

There are several ways to treat KS, including:

  • removal
  • chemotherapy
  • interferon, which is an antiviral agent
  • radiation

Talk with your doctor to determine the best treatment.

Keywords: kaposi sarcoma; kaposi sarcoma+; kaposi sarcoma treatment

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.