What Is Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer and How to Treat It?

What is metastatic pancreatic cancer?

Metastatic pancreatic cancer refers to the Stage IV pancreatic cancer in which the cancer has spread to distant organs, including:

  • liver;
  • lymph nodes;
  • portal vein;
  • celiac plexus (a network of nerves around aorta);
  • superior mesenteric vessels;
  • ligament of treitz.

What are treatment options for metastatic pancreatic cancer?

Treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer can be achieved with surgery and/or chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Management of patients with cancer of this stage is focused on reducing pain and maintaining nutrition.

Pain relied can be achieved by injection of alcohol or other chemicals either through the skin or during an open abdominal operation, which aims at destroying the nerves that provide sensation in the area around the pancreas.

In general, a systematic treatment may include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Chemoradiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • New radiation therapy techniques, e.g. three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT)
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Clinical trials

Since metastatic pancreatic caner is one of the worst forms of pancreatic cancer and is very difficult to treat as well as diagnose, please consult an oncologist before taking any measures.

Keywords: metastatic pancreatic cancer; metastatic pancreatic cancer treatment; metastatic pancreatic cancer treatments

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.