What is Mito Disease?

Q:
What is mito disease?

A:
Mitochondrial diseases refer to a group of disorders that affect the mitochondria. As the compartments existing in every cell of the human body except red blood cells, mitochondrial plays a crucial role in powering cell functions.

Mitochondria has its own unique mitochondrial DNA. Mutations in this unique DNA or in the nuclear DNA may lead to mitochondrial diseases.

Symptoms

  • Poor growth
  • Loss of muscle coordination and muscle weakness
  • Hearing loss and/or visual problems
  • Heart, liver or kidney disease
  • Learning disabilities
  • Neurological problems
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Autonomic dysfunction and dementia
  • Thyroid and/or adrenal dysfunction
  • Heart failures and weakness

Treatment

There are only limited treatment options now for mitochondrial diseases. Research into this area is still ongoing.

Using supportive therapy, nutritional management and exercise are often involved. With the help of physical therapy, the range of movement of muscles may be extended. Prescribed vitamins such as riboflavin, coenzyme Q, and carnitine may provide more energy for some patients.

Should you have any concerns about your treatments, please go to see a doctor and ask for professional help.

Keywords: mitochondrial diseases; treatment; therapy; symptoms; Q&A

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.