What is Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Prognosis?

Q:
What is myeloproliferative neoplasm prognosis?

A:
Myeloproliferative neoplasm prognosis are blood cancers. When the body makes too many red or white cells or platelets, myeloproliferative neoplasm occurs.

There are three main types of myeloproliferative neoplasm. That is: polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and myelofibrosis (MF).

Prognosis

In general, the prognosis for myeloproliferative neoplasm is relatively good. Though the survival rate for myeloproliferative neoplasm patients varies, people with these conditions often can live many years after the diagnosis.

To be more specific, patients with ET often have a normal lifespan while individuals with PV and MF usually may have a shorter-than-normal lifespan.

When the extra cells build up in the blood and bone marrow, myeloproliferative often becomes worse. Under such circumstances, the build-up of extra cells can lead to various complications.

The complications, however, may be serious and include:

  • Enlarged spleen and liver
  • Gout
  • Anemia
  • Bleeding
  • Kidney or liver failure
  • Heart attacks or stroke
  • Infection

Symptoms

Many patients may show no symptoms. However, enlarged spleen is the one symptom that is shared by all the people with the conditions.

With the enlargement of the spleen, the patients may feel abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness. With underlying conditions, other symptoms also may be shown.

Keywords: myeloproliferative neoplasm; prognosis; symptoms; enlarged spleen

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.