What Is Pneumococcal Meningitis?

Q:
What is pneumococcal meningitis?

A:
Pneumococcal meningitis is the infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord caused by a bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Pneumococcal meningitis is not common. But it’s a serious and potentially fatal disease.

Symptoms:

  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Stiff neck
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness

About 40% of people are carriers of Streptococcus pneumoniae, but the majority of them don’t get infected. However, they can transmit the bacteria to other people and make others ill. Streptococcus pneumoniae can be transmitted by small beads from someone’s mouth or nose. So the way it spreads include:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Sharing food or eating utensils

Treatment:
Your doctor will give you antibiotics such as ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, chloramphenicol, penicillin, and benzylpenicillin. Corticosteroids may also be prescribed to improve swelling around the spinal cord and brain.

Keyword: pneumococcal meningitis

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.