What is rheumatic endocarditis?
Rheumatic endocarditis refers to endocarditis resulting from acute rheumatic fever, recognized clinically by valvular involvement.
Rheumatic endocarditis involves not only the heart valve, but also the endocardium and chordae adjacent to the valve, resulting in valve deformation and dysfunction. The lesions mainly involve the mitral valve, followed by the mitral and aortic valves, and the tricuspid and pulmonary valves are rarely involved.
In the acute stage, there may be tiny fibrin vegetations along the lines of closure of the valve leaflets, with subsequent fibrous thickening and shortening of the leaflets.
Keyword: rheumatic endocarditis.