What is Rheumatic Fever?

Q:

I heard that in addition to rheumatic heart disease, there is also a disease called rheumatic fever. What is rheumatic fever?

A:

Rheumatic fever is inflammatory and can be induced by strep throat or scarlet fever which are caused by an infection with streptococcus bacteria and left inadequately treated.

Rheumatic fever occurs more in females than males. In 5- to 15-year-old children than in adults. The disease has become increasing rare in the developed world. However, in developing countries, the disease remains as a big threat.

Rheumatic fever can cause a series of damage, including damaged heart valves, stroke, complications of pregnancy and heart failure. One single severe or recurrent rheumatic fever can lead to rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Once a patient is diagnosed with RHD, he or she may suffer from it for life. Although treatments can help improve symptoms, such as inflammation, pain and swelling, the damage to the heart is permanent.

 

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Related FAQs:

What Is Rheumatic Heart Disease?

What Are the Facts about RHD?

What Are the Causes of RHD?

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.