What Is the Definition of Bile Reflux?

What is the definition of bile reflux?

Bile reflux occurs when bile, a digestive liquid produced in your liver, backs up into the stomach and the esophagus (tube that connects your mouth and stomach).

Bile reflux and acid reflux are different conditions, but they may occur together.

Symptoms of bile reflux include:

  • Pain in upper abdomen
  • Frequent heartburn
  • Vomiting a greenish-yellow fluid (bile)
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss with no reason

Causes of bile reflux:

  • Complications of surgery. Total removal of the stomach and gastric bypass surgery for weight loss are responsible for most bile reflux cases.
  • Gallbladder surgery. Those whose gallbladders are removed have significantly more bile reflux than do people who haven’t had this surgery.
  • Peptic ulcers. A peptic ulcer can block the pyloric valve so that it doesn’t open enough to allow the stomach to empty as quickly as it should. Stagnant food in the stomach can lead to increased gastric pressure and allow bile and stomach acid to back up into the esophagus.


Keyword: bile reflux

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.