What Is the Diagnosis and Treatment of Muscular Dystrophy?

Q:
What is the diagnosis and treatment of muscular dystrophy?

A:
Your doctor may ask you questions about your family’s medical history and recommend some tests, including:

  • Electromyography.
  • Enzyme tests.
  • Genetic testing.
  • Heart-monitoring tests.
  • Lung-monitoring tests.
  • Muscle biopsy.

Your doctor will recommend a treatment based on the type of muscular dystrophy you have. Some of them are:

  • Medicines include Eteplirsen (Exondys 51), anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure medicines, drugs that turn down the body’s immune system, steroids and creatine.
  • Physical therapy uses different exercises and stretches to keep muscles strong and flexible.
  • Occupational therapy teaches you how to make the most of what your muscles can do.
  • Speech therapy will teach you easier ways to talk if your throat or face muscles are weak.
  • Respiratory therapy can help if you are having trouble breathing.
  • Surgery can help with different complications of muscular dystrophy, like heart problems or trouble swallowing.
* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.