What Is the Diet for Diabetic Kidney Disease?

Q:
What is the diet for diabetic kidney disease?

A:
Diabetic kidney disease, also known as diabetic nephropathy, is a complication of diabetes. The disease is very common in people with diabetes, and about 40 percent of diabetics will develop it.

A proper diet is a good way for people with diabetic kidney disease to balance nutrition and control the disease. The diet needs to focus on the intake of sodium, potassium, and phosphorous. At the same time, the intake of fats, protein and sugar cannot be ignored as well.

Sodium

Recommend sodium intake: 1,500-2,300mg/daily.
Limit high sodium foods, such as:

  • table salt
  • bacon
  • ham
  • cheese
  • crackers
  • salted nuts
  • olives
  • pickles
  • sauerkraut
  • old cuts
  • bouillon cubes
  • potato chips
  • canned vegetables
  • bottled sauces (soy, barbecue sauce)
  • canned, dehydrated or instant soup
  • processed convenience foods

Potassium

Recommended potassium intake: within 2000mg/daily.
Limit high-potassium foods, such as:

  • bananas
  • beets
  • broccoli
  • cantaloupe
  • chocolate
  • apricots
  • baked beans
  • molasses
  • mushrooms
  • nuts
  • oranges
  • tomatoes
  • potatoes
  • dried fruit
  • raisins
  • collard
  • peanut butter
  • salt substitute

Phosphorus

Recommended phosphorus intake: 800-1000mg/daily.
Avoid foods that contain sodium acid pyrophosphate or monocalcium phosphate.
Limit high phosphorus foods, such as:

  • beer
  • cocoa
  • cola
  • nuts
  • liver
  • caramels
  • cheese
  • bran cereals
  • dried beans
  • ice cream
  • peanut butter
  • sardines
  • milk and milk products

Fats

People with diabetic kidney disease should control fat intake and take a low-fat diet.
Avoid animal fat and high cholesterol foods, such as:

  • processed meats
  • full-fat cheese
  • desserts.

Protein

Too much protein may worsen your symptoms, so low protein foods are good choices.
Low protein foods:

  • chicken
  • fish
  • lean meat
  • egg white

Sugar

Controlling sugar intake is a good way to control your blood pressure and sugar.
Limit high sugar foods, such as:

  • chocolate
  • brown sugar
  • coconut
  • orange juice

The intake of substances varies from person to person. Remember to read the labels of foods before buying or eating and follow your doctor’s advice strictly.

Keywords: diabetic kidney disease diet; diabetic nephropathy diet

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.