What Is the Difference Between Asthma and COPD?

Q:  COPD VS Asthma. What is the main difference between asthma and COPD?

A: The difference between COPD nad asthma depends on the pathophysiology or the physical processes that lead to asthma symptoms.both asthma and COPD result from inlammation and hyperactivity, but Copd inflammation results from macrophages and neutrophils and develops over many years. Inflammation from asthma usually occurs over a shorter period and resultd from eosinophils. Chronic inflammation caused by both asthma and COPD will lead to airflow obstruction. They have similar symptoms, including wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and chronic cough. Both diseases can be exacerbation by things like viral infextions, exposure to tobacco smoke and other indoor air pollutants, evironmental pollution, or pccupational exposure.

There is a number of differences between asthma and COPD, such as age, smoking history, symptoms, common coexisting conditions and inhaled steroids.

Actually, asthma is only part of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Q: Are the treatments for these two disease the same?

A: Asthma is a disease in which your airways become inflamed and irritable in response to an allgergen. When this happens, it is more difficult to move air in and out of your aireways, which leads to asthma symptoms. Treatments for these two diseases are different because the causes of them are different. The goal of COPD treatment is to relieve the symptoms while asthma treatment is to suppress inflammation.

In COPD, your lungs bcome damaged following exposure to certain irritants, most commonly due to chronic cigarette smoking. The chronic exposure and damage cause airway obstruction and hyperinflation. While airflow in asthma is mostly reversible, airflow in COPD is only partially reversible or may not be reversible atall. Inflammation in COPD is usually caused by infection.



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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.