What Is the Last Stage of Pancreatic Cancer?


What is the last stage of pancreatic cancer?


The last stage of pancreatic cancer is Stage IV. In this stage, the cancer has spread to distant sites, and it is characterised by involvement of the lungs, liver or adjacent organs such as the spleen, stomach or the bowel.

Two groups of stage IV pancreatic cancer:

  • Stage IVA pancreatic cancer is confined locally but involves adjacent blood vessels or organs, so its location hinders surgical removal. Stage IVA pancreatic cancer is also called locally advanced or localized pancreatic cancer.
  • By contrast, stage IVB pancreatic cancer has spread to distant organs beyond the pancreas; this stage most typically involves the liver. Pancreatic cancer of stage IVB is metastatic cancer.

Sufferings and discomforts during stage IV pancreatic cancer:

  • Pain. Patients may feel the pain in the upper part of the abdomen and then it radiates to the upper and middle part of the back. The pain is worse after the patient has eaten.
  • Loss of appetite. This occurs because of the pain that is experienced. When a patient is in so much pain, eating is the last thing a patient wants to do. The patient is very likely to lose weight due to this factor.
  • Inability to sleep. The pain prevents the patient from relaxing. Therefore, the energy level and mood of the patient are affected.
  • Nausea and vomiting. This will occur if the tumor is blocking the digestive tract. Patients may take dietary supplements to help absorb and digest food.
  • Severe itching. This occurs because of the bile acids that accumulate in and under the skin. This causes great discomfort to the patient.
  • Yellowing of the skin. Jaundice may occur if the tumor has affected or spread to the liver. This would also include yellowing of the eyes.
  • Diarrhea, dark urine, and unexplained blood clots.

Keywords: last stages pancreatic cancer before death.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.