What is Venous Stasis Dermatitis?

Q:
What is venous stasis dermatitis?

A:
Venous stasis dermatitis, also known as venous eczema, occurs when there’s a problem with blood circulation, usually in the legs. Due to poor venous drainage in the legs, there usually appear a brown pigmentation. This condition is more commonly seen in women than men. People who are 50 or older are more likely to have it.

Causes

Venous stasis dermatitis happens when there’s something wrong with your veins. Without proper circulating blood, all the body tissues including the skin can be affected.

When circulation is impaired, blood can’t easily get back to the heart. The result is blood pools in the lower limbs, causing conditions like venous stasis dermatitis and venous ulcers.

Other disorders may also affect the veins and cause conditions, such as the abnormal reflexes of the smaller blood vessels of the leg. For individuals with venous stasis dermatitis, bacteria and fungal infections in the skin at the affected area may worsen the conditions.

Symptoms

  • Swelling around your ankles
  • Red rash of the skin of your ankles and legs
  • Itchy
  • Thickened skin around the affected area
  • Skin discoloration (reddish, yellowish, or a brown color)
  • Hair loss on ankles and shins
  • Pain

Treatment

Since it is the vein that has a problem, you need to get the fluid moving in your legs.

  • Elevating the legs for 15 minutes every 2 hours
  • Wear support hose
  • Walk around often
  • Avoid standing up for long period of time
  • Get prescribed steroid medicines from the hospital and rub them on your affected areas
  • Use an antihistamine pill or cream to ease the itchiness

If you have any concerns about the treatment, please go to the doctor and seek more professional advice.

Keywords: venous stasis dermatitis; blood circulation; vein problem; causes; symptoms; treatment; Q&A

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.