What's to Know About Bacterial Meningitis?

Q:
What’s to know about bacterial meningitis?

A:
Bacterial meningitis is the inflammation of the lining surrounding the spinal cord and brain caused by bacteria. The disease may kill the patient.

Symptoms:

  • Pain in the neck
  • Rash
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Confusion

Causes and risk factors:
As I just mentioned, the inflammation is caused by bacteria. As the bacteria are often found in mouth, nose, and throat, the disease can be spread by kissing, coughing and sharing food.
Other ways for the disease to spread include head surgery, cancer, diabetes, organ transplants, or brain infection.
If you are of the 15 to 24 years old age group or above the age of 60, you have a high chance of catching it.

Ways to ease some of the symptoms:

  • Acetaminophen proves helpful to reduce fever as well as pain. However, it may lead to liver damage if you use it the wrong way. So, do remember to ask your doctor for instructions if you decide to try this method.
  • NSAIDs can help ease pain, swelling and fever. But it may cause kidney damage and bleeding of stomach in some people. Therefore, consult your doctor and see whether the medicine is safe for you.
  • Steroids can help decrease pain, redness and swelling.

Treatment:
Antibiotics is helpful when it comes to curing bacterial meningitis.

Prevention:

  • No food or drink sharing
  • Wash your hands with soap
  • Vaccinations can help, such as haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine. Actually, children in the US are asked to get the vaccine.

 

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.