What's to Know About Urinary Infections?

What’s to know about urinary infections?

If a person has urinary infections, it means that part of their urinary system, which includes kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, is infected.


  • Painful lower or back abdomen
  • Burning feeling during urination
  • Strong and frequent urge to pass urine. But nothing comes out when you try to pee.
  • Cold feeling or fever
  • Feel tired
  • Urine that has blood or strong odor

Types of urinary infection and their specific symptoms and signs:

  • Cystitis (the bladder is infected). Pain in lower abdomen; urine with blood; frequent urination.
  • Acute pyelonephritis (the kidney). Fever; discomfort in upper back; feeling nauseous; vomiting.
  • Urethritis (the urethra). The feel of burning during urination.

Causes of:

  • Urethritis. It happens when gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria travel from anus to urethra. It can also be caused by sexually transmitted infections, including mycoplasma, herpes, chlamydia.
  • Cystitis. It’s mainly caused by GI bacteria.

Risk factors:

  • Menopause
  • Birth control methods such as spermicidal agents and diaphragms
  • Being sexually active
  • Being a woman (women have a shorter urethra)


  • Wipe from front to back.
  • Don’t use risky feminine products, such as powders and deodorant sprays around sex organs.
  • Drink enough water.
  • Go to pee after having sex.
  • Avoid using spermicidal agents and diaphragms.



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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.